Food Safety News

Possible Fighters of Food-Borne Ills: Grape Seeds

 
Campus Administrator
Possible Fighters of Food-Borne Ills: Grape Seeds
by Campus Administrator - Tuesday, 23 October 2012, 11:37 AM
 
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203406404578072702661013128.html?_nocache=1350959799885&user=welcome&mg=id-wsj


Grape-seed extract, a byproduct of wine and grape juice production, is a popular dietary supplement taken by many Europeans for high cholesterol and hypertension. Research published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology suggests grape-seed extract also has natural disinfectant properties that may help to prevent outbreaks of severe gastroenteritis from highly infectious noroviruses, the cause of 60% of food-related illnesses in the U.S.

U.S. and Belgian scientists tested grape-seed extract on cultured cells, vegetable rinse water, and food-preparation surfaces infected with a surrogate mouse strain of norovirus.

Grape-seed extract contained 13% catechin and 19% epicatechin, nontoxic plant-based compounds known as flavonoids, which have been shown to have many antioxidant and antimicrobial effects on human health.

Grape-seed extract treatment neutralized the virus's infectious properties to undetectable levels in cell cultures, though a higher dose was needed when a small amount of dried milk was added to the culture, indicating proteins may interfere with grape-seed extract, researchers said.

The extract also reduced the virus's potency in norovirus-contaminated water used to wash lettuce, but had no significant effect on contaminated stainless-steel surfaces. After treatment, norovirus particles clumped together and appeared deformed; the virus's outer protein shell was also damaged.

The findings may be important to the food industry as fresh produce is often implicated in norovirus outbreaks, researchers said.

Caveat: As human noroviruses aren't easily cultured, the experiments used a surrogate strain of the virus that shares the biological features of human norovirus.

Title: Effect of Grape Seed Extract on Human Norovirus GII.4 and Murine Norovirus 1 in Viral Suspensions, on Stainless Steel Discs, and in Lettuce Wash Water

—Ann Lukits

A version of this article appeared October 23, 2012, on page D2 in the U.S. edition of The Wall Street Journal, with the headline: Possible Fighters of Food-Borne Ills: Grape Seeds.